Tuesday, April 21, 2015
Wednesday, March 25, 2015
Tuesday, September 23, 2014
Wednesday, August 13, 2014
Homeopathy is effective for most of the viral diseases. As a homeopath it is important to know about viral markers in detail. Let us discuss about some of the viral markers and it is application in clinical practice.
1. Chicken pox
Chickenpox is usually diagnosed based upon a person's signs and symptoms. But testing for Varicella Zoster Virus or for the antibodies produced in response to infection may be performed in certain cases like in pregnant women, in newborns, in people prior to organ transplantation, and in those with HIV/AIDS. When someone is exposed to VZV, their immune system responds by producing antibodies to the virus. Two classes of VZV antibodies may be found in the blood: IgM (which is present in infected individual within weeks after initial exposure) and IgG (produced by the body several weeks after the initial VZV infection and provide long-term protection).
Specific viral marker for chikungunya is Chick IgM. Clinical manifestation of chikungunya is difficult to differentiate with dengue hemorrhagic fever, thus need to do the specific IgM. Rapid assay shouldn’t be used before first week of infection as it is less sensitive in that period.
3. Dengue fever
Tests for dengue virus-specific antibodies, types IgG and IgM, are useful in confirming infection in later stages. Both IgG and IgM are produced after 5–7 days. It is easily detectable in early stages by Dengue NS1 antigen test.
4. Hepatitis B
Serological testing involves measurement of several hepatitis B virus (HBV)-specific c antigens and antibodies. Different serologic “markers” or combinations are used to identify different phases of HBV infection and to determine whether a patient has acute or chronic HBV infection
Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg):
A protein on the surface of hepatitis B virus; it can be detected in high levels in serum during acute or chronic hepatitis B virus infection. The presence of HBsAg indicates that the person is infectious. The body normally produces antibodies to HBsAg as part of the normal immune response to infection.
Hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs):
The presence of anti-HBs is generally interpreted as indicating recovery and immunity from hepatitis B virus infection. Anti-HBs also develops in a person who has been successfully vaccinated against hepatitis B.
Total hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc):
This appears at the onset of symptoms in acute hepatitis B and persists for life. The presence of anti-HBc indicates previous or ongoing infection with hepatitis B virus.
IgM antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (IgM anti-HBc)
Positivity indicates recent infection with hepatitis B virus (<6 mos). Its presence indicates acute infection.
5. Hepatitis C
Due to the fact that acute HCV infection is usually asymptomatic, early diagnosis of the HCV infection is rare. Usually the infection may remain undiagnosed, often until serious liver damage has developed. HCV infection is diagnosed by doing Screening for anti-HCV antibodies with a serological test.
6. Hepatitis A
Although fecal detection is possible in early stages, specific diagnosis is made by Hepatitis A specific IgM antibodies in blood. It is detectable in during acute infection and persists for 14 weeks.
7. Hand Mouth Foot Disease (HMFD):-
In certain case stool or throat swab is taken for culture.
8. Herpes zoster-
Similar to chickenpox herpes zoaster is diagnosed by VZV specific IgM antibody in blood
9. Japanese Encephalitis
It is diagnosed by detection of IgM antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid.
Rubella virus specific IgM antibodies along with characteristic rash confirms the diagnosis.
Diagnosis is done by detection of HIV antibodies by ELISA method. CD4 lymphocyte count is used for the prognosis of treatment.
Antibodies to polio virus detected in blood during early course of infection.
Tuesday, February 25, 2014
Wednesday, January 15, 2014
Wednesday, October 9, 2013
The Institution of Homoeopaths Kerala Trust
LEGEND 2014Lab Examinations to Generate Excellence in New Dimensions.
4 months training Programme organized by IHK Trust.
From November 2013 to February 2014
• An exclusive training programme on routine and advanced laboratory investigations and its homoeopathic perspective.
• Training sessions on Every second Sundays from Nov 10th 2013 onwards at Hotel elite Thiruvalla. .
• Routine and advanced investigations and its Homoeoapthic perspective – Dr.S.G.Biju MD (Hom), Dr.R.Sarath Chandran
• All about ECG Dr.Ajayan (SKHMC, Kanyakumari)
• Most Modern Radio Diagnosis – Dr.Ajayan (SKHMC Reg fee: Lump sum payment: Rs.2000/- once in 2 months 1250 X 2, once in a month 750X4.
For Details contact: 9446216707 (Dr.Geetha Anilkumar, Vice Chairman & Programme coordinator)